european country where prison is rehab

by Myrtice Schmeler Published 1 year ago Updated 9 months ago

With all these positive outcomes, Norway's prison system may well become the leader for other countries across the globe to follow. One mission that is consistent throughout all of Norway's facilities is the rehabilitation and reintegration of its prisoners into society.Nov 6, 2020

How can I help a prisoner get a job in Europe?

The European Prison Observatory operates in 8 countries (France, United Kingdom, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Spain), in order to monitor the penitentiary systems and the prison regimes and conditions.

Are there any European countries where experimentation is allowed in prisons?

A review of education in Europe, for example, found that while among the 640,000 prison population in the European Union (EU) there is a significant proportion of low-skilled individuals, less than a quarter of prisoners participate in education and training in most of the EU Member States.4 In lower income countries, the extent of

How is prison health care organised in the EU?

Feb 26, 2016 · But in Brazil (with 550,000 prisoners) it’s an innovative program called “Rehabilitation through reading,” which enables prisoners “to strike four days off their prison sentences, up to forty-eight...

What has the Constitutional Court done for working prisoners in Europe?

Dec 11, 2014 · On top of that, when criminals in Norway leave prison, they stay out. It has one of the lowest recidivism rates in the world at 20%. The …


What country has the highest rehabilitation rate?

The U.S. has one of the highest: 76.6% of prisoners are rearrested within five years. Among Norway's prison population that was unemployed prior to their arrests, they saw a 40% increase in their employment rates once released.

How are prisoners in Norway treated?

Prisons in Norway are known for being heavily focused on rehabilitation. Some say they're too comfortable and forgiving for perpetrators of serious crimes, including violence. Some say they're exemplarily humane and part of the reason Norway's crime rates are low compared to other countries.Dec 5, 2020

Does the UK rehabilitate prisoners?

The rehabilitation of offenders is a key feature of the modern UK criminal justice system, and work to rehabilitate prisoners goes on, in varying degrees, in every prison. While in the past, rehabilitation may have been directed at 'reforming the character' of prisoners, its focus is now on preventing reoffending.

Does Norway use solitary confinement?

Yet, the overuse of solitary confinement is very problematic in Norway, including its use for mentally ill inmates. There are many possibilities in the legal framework to isolate a convicted or remand prisoner: solitary confinement may be a reaction to a breach of the prison rules or as a preventive measure.

Why are Norway prisons so nice?

One mission that is consistent throughout all of Norway's facilities is the rehabilitation and reintegration of its prisoners into society. These prisons' accepting, caring and empathetic approach has paved the way for many prisoners into becoming fine citizens supporting their country's economy.Nov 6, 2020

Why is crime so low in Norway?

Norway is an extremely cold country that has long winters, so this is one of the reasons for this country's lower crime rate. Statistics reveal that Norway typically has fewer than 30 murders per year. This country also has strict gun laws, including the types of weapons that are used for hunting and sports.Sep 19, 2018

Do US prisons really rehabilitate criminals?

Unfortunately, research has consistently shown that time spent in prison does not successfully rehabilitate most inmates, and the majority of criminals return to a life of crime almost immediately.

Are prisons meant to rehabilitate or punish?

It is the duty of prisons to govern fairly and well within their own walls. It is not their duty to reform, rehabilitate, or reintegrate offenders into society. Though they may attempt these things, it is not their duty even to attempt these goals, let alone their obligation to achieve them.

Why do prisons fail to rehabilitate?


Does Norway allow conjugal visits?

Conjugal visiting is permitted in 10 of the 23 European countries surveyed. Sweden, Norway, and Denmark have very liberal policies for all prisoners. The Netherlands, Switzerland, West Germany, and Yugoslavia permit visits for selected groups, usually inmates who have served much of their sentences.

How many prisoners are in Sweden?

SwedenPrison population total (including pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners)7 317 at 1.1.2021 (via Council of Europe)Foreign prisoners (percentage of prison population)22.1% (1.10.2016)Number of establishments / institutions79 (2015 - 46 prisons and 33 remand prisons)6 more rows

How Norway's prisons are different from America's?

Norway's prison system seems counterproductive, but the data shows that it's working. It has one of the lowest recidivism rates in the world, at 20%. In other words, only 20% of those released become repeat offenders in the country. Compare that to a whopping 76.6% in the United States.Jan 22, 2021

How many countries are there in the European prison system?

The European Prison Observatory operates in 8 countries (France, United Kingdom, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Spain), in order to monitor the penitentiary systems and the prison regimes and conditions. Through quantitative and qualitative analysis, the European Prison Observatory analyses the present conditions of the national prison systems and the related systems of alternatives to detention in Europe, underlining their peculiarities and weaknesses, and comparing these conditions to the international norms and standards relevant for the protections of inmates’ fundamental rights. The first action of the European Prison Observatory was the gathering of available data on conditions of detention in different European countries. The main references for the identification of the data to be collected have been SPACE I (Annual Penal Statistics of the Council Of Europe) and the European Prison Rules. The annual penal statistics have been used to identify what kind of data ca be expected to be available in every country; the European Prison Rules set the guidelines to determine if detention conditions match the minimum necessary standards to be met in Europe.

What are the European prison rules?

The European Prison Rules include many statements about the regime of sentenced prisoners. In general terms, “in addition to the rules that apply to all prisoners, the regime for sentenced prisoners shall be designed to enable them to lead a responsible and crime-free life ” (102.1); more specifically, “as soon as possible after such admission, reports shall be drawn up for sentenced prisoners about their personal situations, the proposed sentence plans for each of them and the strategy for the preparation for their release” (103.2). Furthermore, “sentenced prisoners shall be encouraged to participate in drawing up their individual sentence plans” (103.3) and “such plans shall as far as is practicable include: a. work; b. education; c. other activities; and d. preparation for release” (103.4). By law, in all the countries covered by the present project all sentenced prisoners should receive an individual sentence plan, which should include education, work, vocational training, drug dependency treatment, etc. The main problem is that the plan is not always implemented during detention. The reasons lie, first, in the lack of non-custodial staff designated for the planning activities: wardens, social workers, psychologists, sociologists, criminologists, etc. The responsibility of the staff may also have some influence: in Poland, some tutors put their best efforts to create individual plans for the prisoners and to take care of carrying them out, while other tutors tend to be less creative – they give prisoners tasks that are not useful for their personal development and they do not supervise or assess their progress.

What are the topics covered in the Detention in Europe report?

In composing the final report of the “Detention in Europe” workstream, our main focus was on the following topics: health, education, training and work opportunities, security, safety, actions promoting rehabilitation, and the juvenile penitentiary system. For each issue we tried to highlight how and to what degree the conditions in the participating countries, as conveyed by the data collected in each report, comply with the European Prison Rules (EPR). Here we give an overview of our findings.

What are the rules for education in prison?

The European Prison Rules assert that: "Every prison shall seek to provide all prisoners with access to educational programs which are as comprehensive as possible and which meet their individual needs while taking into account their aspirations ." (28.1). Almost everywhere educational institutions operating in prisons include all levels of instruction up to the university level. However, due to a common lack of resources, not all types of education are provided. In England and Wales, for example, even if the National Offender Management Service provides evening classes at every prison and encourages prisoners to profit from the educational programs provided, this does not means that there is a right to the educational course of choice. The prison authorities have a wide discretion as to what educational facilities they provide and who is to benefit from them.

How often can a prisoner communicate with their family?

In general terms, “Prisoners shall be allowed to communicate as often as possible by letter, telephone or other forms of communication with their families, other persons and representatives of outside organisations and to receive visits from these persons” (24.1).

What is physical control in prison?

Physical controls are certainly the main security measure used in the prisons that are analysed in the National reports. These controls can be done at every moment, especially after some activities (such as working activities, recreational activities, educational courses, but also after meetings with family members, friends, volunteers etc.).

Do prisons have libraries?

“Every institution shall have a library for the use of all prisoners, adequately stocked with a wide range of both recreational and educational resources, books and other media.” (EPR 28.5); moreover, “Wherever possible, the prison library should be organised in co-operation with community library services.” (EPR 28.6). Libraries are indeed present in many prisons, but the number and variety of resources varies: some libraries are well equipped, others very poorly. In some cases there is only one central library. In big prisons, there are small libraries within the sections. Prison libraries are often poorly supplied in books of foreign languages: in Latvia, in particular, many remain stocked with outdated books from soviet time, predominantly in Latvian and Russian. In Poland, due to the fact that prison libraries obtain books from public Polish libraries, they do not typically possess many books in foreign languages. Although the law requires it, in Italy and Portugal the offers in languages other than Italian and Portuguese are very limited or non-existent. The availability of DVDs and other audio-visual publications is very low since computers or DVD players are rare or prohibited in detention.

How many prisons have been closed in the Netherlands?

Since 2014, 23 prisons have been shut, turning into temporary asylum centres, housing and hotels.

Who is Miranda Boone?

Miranda Boone, a professor of criminology at Leiden University, has studied the collapse in the prison population. “There is no doubt that the prison population has been reduced very significantly in the last 13 years – an amazing and, in the western world, unparalleled development,” she says.

How much does the Italian tax benefit for prisoners?

The benefits, which amount to €520 (US$556) per month per prisoner, can extend for up to 18 months after release if the prisoner continues to work for the company. More than 350 employers have applied to join the scheme for the year 2017.

What is the rule for the treatment of prisoners?

1. Provision shall be made for the further education of all prisoners capable of profiting thereby, including religious instruction in the countries where this is possible.

Why is continuous monitoring important in prison?

131. When a new venture is established in a prison , whether education, vocational training or work , follow-up is required to ensure the activities are working as intended and to take remedial action if not . Continuous monitoring of prison-based rehabilitation is therefore an important task for prison authorities. Monitoring has been defined as “an ongoing process by which stakeholders obtain regular feedback on the progress being made to meeting their goals and objectives”.101 Its purpose is to generate information that can inform decisions, improve performance and achieve planned results. The clearer the objectives set for any activity, the more straightforward the monitoring.

What is the purpose of chapter 2 of Prisons?

20. Chapter 2 elaborates on the need for prison authorities to assess the profile of their prison population, as well as the current state of prison-based rehabilitation activities. It proposes a series of questions that need to be answered in order to establish the starting point from which future developments will progress. It is important that such assessment not only looks at the deficits and weaknesses in existing arrangements, but also at their strengths and potential for change. The chapter then proposes a strategic framework for developing, establishing and implementing initiatives in prisons and discusses potential struc-tures for driving them forward.

What is the UNODC report on Albania?

In 2014, UNODC, in close cooperation with the General Directorate of Prisons (GDP) carried out a comprehensive assessment of rehabilitation programmes in institutions for the execution of criminal sentences in Albania. This followed a report by the Council of Europe’s Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT), which recommended that the Albanian authorities redouble their efforts to improve the programme of activities offered to prisoners so that all of them, including those on remand, are able to spend a reasonable part of the day outside their cells engaged in purposeful activities of a varied nature (work, preferably with a vocational value; education; sport; recreation/association). The UNODC assessment found that current initiatives in the field of education, vocational training and work only reached 5 per cent, 8 per cent and 9 per cent of the total prison population, respectively, leaving a majority of prisoners with little, if any, access to meaningful activity. The report concluded that a gradual, carefully planned approach to enhancing rehabilitation was the most promising way ahead, and made more than 50 recommendations aimed at various government departments and agencies.

Why is it important to provide work for prisoners?

Providing work for prisoners is important to make their stay in prison more construc-tive and to help them retain, or sometimes gain for the first time, the motivation needed to follow a regular pattern of activity. In short, work programmes can “stimulate and encourage the culture of work, and to combat idleness in places of deprivation of liberty”.24

What is the purpose of the Nelson Mandela Rules?

1. The purposes of a sentence of imprisonment or similar measures deprivative of a person’s liberty are primarily to protect society against crime and to reduce recidivism.

How long can a prisoner be sentenced?

With few exceptions (for genocide and war crimes mostly), judges can only sentence criminals to a maximum of 21 years. At the end of the initial term, however, five-year increments can be added onto to the prisoner's sentence every five years, indefinitely, if the system determines he or she isn't rehabilitated.

How long is Breivik in jail?

Still, Breivik's sentence, as is, put him behind bars for less than 100 days for every life he took, as The Atlantic noted. On the other hand, if the system doesn't determine Breivik "rehabilitated," he could stay in prison forever.

What are the goals of prison?

In general, prison should have five goals, as described by criminologist Bob Cameron: retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, restoration, and rehabilitation. In his words though, "Americans want their prisoners punished first and rehabilitated second.".

What is the Partnership for Health in the Criminal Justice System?

The Partnership for Health in the Criminal Justice System website provides prison health-related resources supplied by WHO/Europe and partner organizations. It covers prison health information in the fields of: human rights and medical ethics, communicable diseases, noncommunicable diseases, risk factors and prison health management.

What is WHO Europe?

WHO/Europe works closely with organizations to promote health and tackle health inequalities in correctional settings. These organizations contribute significantly through information dissemination, networking and good practice sharing. Partner information.

When is Nelson Mandela's International Day?

On Nelson Mandela International Day, 18 July, WHO/Europe focuses on how prisons can develop and implement effective COVID-19 vaccination policies as part of quality health-care programmes for both inmates and staff.

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